Dictionary

A

Art-Deco:  a style often described as a pastiche of styles, is the predominant decorative art style that first appeared in France in the ’20s but eventually got recognized in its own right during the ’60s. It is characterized by precise and boldly delineated geometric shapes,  eclectic combination of influences, materials, and shapes and strong colors and used most notably in household objects and in architecture. It always searched for the exotic cultural elements through a luxurious and splendid style. Art deco marked the period between wars and filled the era that consumerism cultere rised with an essence of optimism and one of its main feautures was its orientation towards the future.

Avant-garde: is described to be a new and experimental idea and method in art, music, or literature. The phrase is originally a French term, meaning vanguard. It first appeared with reference to art in France in the first half of the 19th century, and is usually credited to Henri de Saint-Simon, one of the forerunners of socialism who believed in the social power of the arts and saw artists, alongside scientists and industrialists, as the leaders of a new society. The avant-garde pushes the boundaries of what is accepted as the norm or the status quo, that is, its aesthetics, its intellectual or artistic conventions, or its methods of production – to the point of being almost subversive., and is considered to be a hallmark of modernism promoting radical social reforms.

B

Bias-cut:

Binary:

Body modification: is the deliberate altering of the human anatomy or human physical appearance. It can be achieved by tattoos, piercings, physical alterations that serve a specific purpose in a culture or religion, such as a stretched neck, branded skin or circumcision. It is used as body art, self-expression or to display group affiliation. Throughout history, clothes, such as corsets have been used to comprise body-altering results. The phrase body modification can be used metaphorically in reference to certain designers, such as Alexander McQueen, who utilized fabric in a way that did not fit properly the body of the model, it was not exact to her analogies, but it rather provided a different perception of how the body is to be seen.

C

Cross-dressing:

D

Dress code:

F

Flapper woman: was a young woman in the ’20s with new ideas about how to live thatbroke away from the Victorian image of womanhood. She dropped the corset, chopped her hair, dropped layers of clothing to increase ease of movement, wore make-up, created the concept of dating, and became a sexual person. In breaking away from conservative Victorian values, flappers created what many considered the “new” or “modern” woman. She was a woman who celebrated the sexual revolution, disdained the notion of acceptable behavior, listened to jazz music that had just blossomed, smoked and drank in public. She strived for liberation and the idea of up-to-dateness, alertness, and growth.

G

Gender clothing:

Gender fluid:

Gibson Girl: was the personification of the feminine ideal of physical attractiveness as portrayed by the pen-and-ink illustrations of artist Charles Dana Gibson in the ’10s. The artist saw his creation as representing the composite of “thousands of American girls.” She combined a sense of respectability and sexuality, often tall and slender, with ample bosom, hips and buttocks creating and S curve body-type. She was an athletic woman, however always perfectly dressed. Through her actions and way of live she appeared emancipated, but never actually involved with the suffrage movement.

M

Mod:

P

Plus-size:

Power dressing: But do women need to opt a -considered to be (because as Roland Barthes said, there is no garment that is by nature feminine or masculine)- a masculine way of dressing to ensure authority, respect, and power?

Q

Queer:

R

Roaring Twenties:

Rosette:

S

Sack dress:

Sari:

Slim suits:

Studio 54:

Suffragettes:

T

Theatrum mundi: (the whole world is a stage) is a metaphorical concept that started within ancient greek literature and developed throughout Western literature and thought. It is a metaphysical explanation of the world portrays the world as a theater wherein people are characters and their actions form a drama, with god, fortune or fate as the author. In literary history, this image developed from a metaphor to a recurrent formula and experienced a vibrant revival in the late Middle Ages as an all-encompassing portrayal of the universe, culminating as a powerful emblem of the spirit and art of an entire age, the Age of the Baroque.

Tie-dye:

Tunic:

Tuxedo:

Tweed:

U

Uniformity:

W

Wrap dress: